Scottish web cam teens
Scottish web cam teens
Pearson's χ tests were used to assess associations between: (1) sun-related behaviours and gender; (2) tanning attitudes and gender and sun-related behaviour and (3) skin cancer-related symptom and risk factor awareness and gender, sun-related behaviours and tanning attitudes. Significance tests were two-sided; p Around two-thirds (61.3%, n=1333) of adolescents reported getting a suntan last summer.
Girls were statistically significantly more likely to report getting sunburnt last summer (girls: 62.6% (n=625), boys: 52.7% (n=476); χ Nearly a fifth of adolescents (16.8%, n=365) reported that they ‘did not usually use sunscreen’.
However, further research is needed to inform the development of effective sun-safe interventions.
This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 3.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt, build upon this work non-commercially, and license their derivative works on different terms, provided the original work is properly cited and the use is non-commercial.
A fifth of adolescents agreed that a suntan made them feel better about themselves (22.7%, n=492) and that a suntan made them feel more attractive to others (18.8%, n=409).
A tenth (12.3%, n=267) agreed that they liked to have a suntan because it made them feel healthier.
Awareness of the skin cancer-related risk factor ‘getting sunburnt more than once as a child’ was assessed alongside 10 other cancer risk factors on a five-point Likert scale.
In accordance with previous practice,21 Descriptive statistics were calculated for demographic variables (ie, age, gender, ethnicity, knowing someone with cancer), sun-related behaviours and tanning attitudes, and skin cancer-related symptom and risk factor awareness.
Teachers encouraged students to complete as much of the questionnaire as they could within the 50 or 55 min lesson period.
The instrument incorporated validated questions on adolescents’ sun-related behaviours and tanning attitudes,19 the Cancer Awareness Measure (CAM),24 Adolescents’ tanning attitudes and sun-related behaviours were assessed using items from an instrument developed in New Zealand.19 Sun-related behaviours, including sunbathing, getting a suntan, use of sunbeds and sun protection practices during the previous summer (ie, 2012) or past 12 months were assessed through 10 questions.
Hence, the aims of this study were to: (1) describe the sun-related behaviours and tanning attitudes among Scottish adolescents and (2) assess associations between sun-related behaviour, tanning attitudes and cancer awareness.
Data are drawn from the Adolescent Cancer Education (ACE) study, the design of which is described in the published protocol.22 Briefly, ACE is a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) to assess the effectiveness of a school-based educational intervention on adolescents’ and parents’ cancer awareness and communication.
Results Adolescents reported poor sun-related practice: 51% of adolescents reported sunburn the previous summer of whom 38% indicated sunburn on more than one occasion.