International dating violence
International dating violence
The issues fall into two broad groupings: analysis of the prevalence partner violence, and analysis of risk factors for perpetration of partner violence and consequences of being a victim of partner violence.Some of the PRP scales measure personal characteristic of the partner who completed the PRP, such as Depression and Antisocial Personality, and some measure characteristics of the relationship (as reported by the partner who completed the PRP) such as Communication Problems and Dominance.
The completed questionnaires were scanned for aberrant response patterns such as marking the identical answer category for an entire series of questions, or an implausibly high frequency of rare events, such as 25 instances of attacking a partner with a knife or gun. Third, it presents preliminary results on rates of physical and sexual assault against dating partners by students at 14 universities in eight countries (three in Europe, two in North America, two in Latin America, and one each in Asia, and the Middle East). A long-term objective of the International Dating Violence Study is to test the applicability of theories purporting to explain the occurrence of intimate partner violence to student couples in diverse societies, but work on that aspect of the study is only at the beginning stage. "Marital violence in a life course perspective." in Physical Violence In American Families: Risk Factors And Adaptations to Violence in 8,145 Families, edited by M. One of Strauss most important contributions to the development of family violence as a field of scientific research is the Conflict Tactics Scales or CTS (Straus, Hamby, Boney-Mc Coy, & Sugarman, 1996).The methodological results show that the measures of physical and sexual violence have acceptable to high alpha coefficients of reliability in all but one of the sites and that there is evidence indicating the construct validity of these measures. The work was supported by National Institute of Mental Health grant T32MH15161 and the University of New Hampshire.The research is being conducted under the terms of an explicit agreement (see the website cited above) that specifies the rights and obligations of the Principle Investigator and of each consortium member.
They are asked to help by completing the questionnaire and at the same time they are told that answering the questionnaire is entirely voluntary, and that they can also choose to omit any question or questions they do not want to answer. "The Controversy over Domestic Violence by Women: A Methodological, Theoretical, and Sociology of Science Analysis." Pp.
A 2 by 14 analysis of covariance was used to determine if there were significant differences between the 14 sites, and between male and female students, in physical assault and sexual coercion of dating partners, and to test for Gender X Site interactions.
As pointed out in the methods section, differences between individuals, between sites and between men and women in reports of perpetration of physical and sexual assault could reflect difference in willingness to disclose these crimes rather than differences in actual perpetration rates.
The procedures were first field tested with more than a thousand students at three different universities in the USA, and as noted above, the CTS part of the questionnaire has been used successfully in more than 40 countries.
These correlations are possible because, although the students are not a representative sample, their behavior and beliefs tend to reflect the behavior and beliefs characteristics of the nations in which they are living.
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